In this application note, we will generate a third pwm in software, using a. The different methods of speed control of induction motor can be broadly classified in to scalar and vector control methods. A properly designed variable frequency induction motor drive can be very flexible. Speed control of dc motor using pulse width modulation, 555. For example in robotics it is generally used to control the moving speed of a robot whatever it may be path finder, opportunity or any one industrial robot. It has highefficiency which drives ac induction motor with pwm modulated sinusoidal voltage and design of a low cost. The ac motor used in vfd is generally a three phase induction motor even though single phase motor is used in some systems. Pdf on feb 15, 20, bashir jamadar and others published pic microcontroller based speed control of three phase induction motor using single phase supply find, read and cite all the research. Speed control of dc motor using pulsewidth modulation. This work presents a speed control unit of a permanent split capacitor externalrotor singlephase induction motor for fan applications. Circuit operation is controlled by using 8051 family microcontroller. In classical foc, a pi controller is designed to control the speed of the induction motor drive. Speed control of dc motor with pc interface is an easy diy project. Speed control of single phase induction motor using ac.
Induction motor speed control using ac pwm youtube. Closed loop vf based speed control of induction motor file. Speed control of dc motor using pwm a dc motor is an electromechanical device that converts direct current into mechanical energy by means of rotation of a shaft. While this may work, as it does with scalextric slot car racing, it generates a lot of heat and wasted power in the resistance. Speed control of dc motor using pwm a pulse width modulation concept the purpose of a motor speed controller is to drive a system at the demanded speed. You may think that a variable resistor in series with a dc motor can control its speed. As i am trying to implement the whole process in terms of hardware so, i just wanted to know how whole process works on. Pulsewidth modulation pwm or dutycycle variation methods are commonly used in speed control of dc motors. Pdf single phase induction motor speed control using pwm ac.
The effectiveness of the controller is demonstrated on the 1 hp three phase induction motor using dsp 2407 for different operating conditions of the drive system. Motor speed control using arduino pwm motor speed control. The modulation of pulse width is obtained using cd4010b schmitt trigger and rectifier 1n4140. The duty cycle is defined as the percentage of digital high to digital low plus digital high pulsewidth during a pwm period. Pdf single phase induction motor speed control using pwm. An843, speed control of 3phase induction motor using. Induction motor speed control using a microprocessorbased pwm inverter.
The closed loop constant vf speed control method is most widely used. One simple and easy way to control the speed of a motor is to regulate the amount of voltage across its terminals and this can be achieved using pulse width modulation or pwm. There are several methods for controlling the speed of dc motors. Speed control of dc motor by pwm in proteus simulation.
Jan 26, 20 in this tutorial we will see how to control the speed of a dc motor using pulse width modulation. Speed control of an induction motor using fuzzy logic. The principles of pwm and hall sensor have been introduced by w. Hello friends here is a proteus simulation of speed control of dc motor with the help of pulse width modulation pwm control, pwm signals are generated by 8051 microcontroller. Then it is useful to use some techniques for varying a. As induction motors are widely being used, their speed control may be required in many applications. Dc motor speed control using pwm with pic microcontroller. Speed control of induction motor is a new technique. Dec 10, 2012 closed loop vf based speed control of induction motor, in mathworks. Different speed control methods of induction motor are explained below. Speed control of induction motor using fuzzy rule base. Advantage of using microcontroller based pwm inverter for induction motor speed control 1 change of pwm frequency at any time 2 the speed of the motor can be controlled smoothly.
Speed control of induction motor using pi and pid controller. An electric asd is an electrical system used to control motor speed. Synchronous speed of an induction motor is shown in equation 1. In pwm method the power across the load is controlled by varying the duty cycle of the drive signal. Pdf on feb 15, 20, bashir jamadar and others published pic microcontroller based speed control of three phase induction motor using single phase supply. Speed control of induction motor 7 ways to control induction. We use dc fans in many systems in our day to day life.
How to use or create a pwm pulse width modulation signal duration. The frequency and speed of the motor, with respect to the input supply, is called the synchronous frequency and synchronous speed. Control of induction motor drive using space vector pwm. Guo 9 designed a highperformance lowcost lowloss wireless dc motor speed control unit.
Drm039, single phase ac induction motor control reference. Pdf induction motor speed control using a microprocessor. So i just wanted to know that can i get the paper which has exact theory of the simulation which you have implemented. Not consuming extra power is one reason, maybe related to which i think is the main reason to use pwm. Variable frequency drive for induction motor elprocus. This project shows that how the speed of an ac induction motor is controlled using pulse width modulation of ac mains. In the reference 389 ac chopper are used to obtain variable rms voltage from fixed voltage and frequency sources. Pdf pic microcontroller based speed control of three. Keywords the sendai underground railways, which was utilized by hitachi. An asd is capable of adjusting both speed and torque from an induction or synchronous motor. As we have discussed earlier that proteus is a really good simulation software for beginners and 8051 is the most basic among all microcontroller so this. Vf control can be implemented by using low cost picmicro microcontrollers, rather than using costly digital signal processors dsps. Speed control of induction motor using pwm technique.
Generally, a dc motor consists of either an electromagnet or a permanent magnet and a wounded coil known as the armature. Many picmicro microcontrollers have two hardware pwms, one less than the three required to control a 3phase induction motor. Pdf pic microcontroller based speed control of three phase. It can control the speed of an induction motor over a range from as little as 5% of base speed up to about twice base speed.
Introduction this application note describes the design of a 3phase ac induction motor drive with volts per hertz control in closedloop vhz cl. By using pwm technique user can control speed of induction motor according to users requirements. An adjustable speed drive asd is a device used to provide continuous range process speed control. Speed control of induction motor using pwm youtube. In this chapter, speed control of a dc motor using pulse width modulation pwm technique is described. Apr 29, 2014 this project shows that how the speed of an ac induction motor is controlled using pulse width modulation of ac mains. Wireless speed control of an induction motor using pwm technique with gsm. Synchronous speed is directly proportional to the ratio of supply frequency and number of poles in the motor. Wireless speed control of an induction motor using pwm. Further the project can be enhanced by using power electronic devices such as igbts to achieve speed control higher capacity industrial motors. Motors that are designed for fixed speed operation is generally used, but some motor designs offer better performance in vfd than the standard design. In this project the speed of induction motor is controlled in ten discrete. Pdf speed control of induction motor using pwm technique. As we have discussed earlier that proteus is a really good simulation software for beginners and 8051 is the most basic among all microcontroller so this can be a very good project of motor control if you are doing it for first time.
It is based on freescales 56f800e microcontrollers. Why is pwm used to control dc motor speed instead of using a. By using pwm we can easily control the average power delivered to a load and by thus we can easily control the speed of the dc motor. A more sophisticated approach using a space vector pwm instead of the natural pwm technique is known to provide lower energy consumption and improved transient responses. May 14, 2014 iii abstract the aim of development of this project is towards providing efficient and simple method for control speed of dc motor using pulse width modulation technique. By using variable frequency control, it is possible to adjust the speed of the motor either above or below base speed. In this project dc motors speed is controlled by sending the command through pc. Asds may be referred to by a variety of names, such as variable speed drives, adjustable. An843, speed control of 3phase induction motor using pic18 mcus. Pwm management for 3phase bldc motor drives using the st7mc. We are over whelmed by a profound debt of gratitude to us guides mrs. Conclusion in the paper low cost, secure, ubiquitously accessible, autoconfigurable, remotely. Microcontroller based system can be efficiently used for speed control of induction motor along with pulse width modulation technique.
For setting the desired speed of the motor, it is designed a windows application programmed. Single phase induction motor speed control using microcontroller. A pulse width modulated pwm ac chopper that changes the. Induction motor behaves like a separately excited dc motor using vector control technology. Modulation control system of induction motor is introduced, in these. A motor driver ic is interfaced to the microcontroller for receiving pwm signals and delivering desired output for speed control of a small dc motor. Direct current is applied to the armature by means of a carbon brush or by means of electromagnetic induction. Speed control of a three phase induction motor using pwm inverter. This completion of project on speed control of single phase induction motor using ac chopper by asymmetrical pwm technique has given us immense pleasure and knowledge. Pwm management for 3phase bldc motor drives using the st7mc 3 sensorless control methods in order to make the bemf signal readable by the microcontroller and to detect the zerocrossing voltage of this signal, there are two main methods which we will call the classic method for the first one and the st method for the second. A more efficient way to proceed is by using pulse width modulation technique to control the speed of our dc motor. Apr 08, 2018 the second reason is if we want to use any devices like microcontrollers or any other digital equipment for automating our dc motor speed control, then this method cannot be used. By using pwm strategies, in the reference 45 inverter is used to drive the speed of induction motor, ac choppers are used in the reference67 for the speed control of induction motor.460 1646 663 741 18 392 446 836 895 1094 179 143 1101 733 1675 740 1674 362 767 644 831 192 1113 1296 1400 118 1465 363 906 121 407 1268 829